Medications used during IV Conscious Sedation often include medicines similar to valium and morphine.  Local anesthesia involves medications being sprayed on the patient's posterior pharynx and lower respiratory.  Local anesthesia numbs the patient so they are less likely to cough during the bronchoscopy.  The doctor performing the procedure will strive to keep the patient comfortable during the procedure so it can be done safely and successfully.

Medicines are administered into the vein

Doctor performing a bronchoscopy